A.There are only a few basic problems in the face:

These 4 elements represent more than 99 % of the problems in the face.


B.There are also 5 defined zones in the face where these problems occur

Problems can be accurately described by combining these basic problems in a specific zone .This leads to precise solutions and clearly shows why facelifts always are custom made. No two facelifts are the same.

Therefore you have to ask yourself the following 2 questions in order to find what treatment you need:


The following site gives a good overview about the different types of folds and wrinkles in the face



I. Fine wrinkles:


They are barely visible but give the skin nevertheless a dull aspect. The freshness of the skin is gone. These fine wrinkles are fractures of the dermal components, due to age, sun exposure and smoking. They are common at age 60+ because the skin looses its elastine and the skin gets thinner through the lack of estrogen in the menopause.

Examples: the fine textured skin of the cheek or the neck


Every treatment for fine wrinkles is aimed at the destruction of the epidermis and a small portion of dermis. It is a kind of superficial controlled second-degree burn. In the healing process there is:


3.Several techniques are used to improve the aspect of fine wrinkles


An abrading device is used to shave off the epidermis and part of the dermis.

A full explanation about dermabrasion






Microdermabrasion is a technique to remove only the epidermis and has no value in correcting even the smallest wrinkles

2.Chemical Peeling

The skin is shaven off by a chemical product. There are different solutions giving each a different depth of action. The skin needs to be prepared first

Here is a youtube movie about chemical peeling http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=81rO08kNzuc






Lasers first abraded the epidermis and dermis to such an degree that scar tissue formation was a risk.

The new lasers such as fraxel lasers burn a grid of small microscopic holes in the skin, every one at the same depth. The skin stretches and flattens because of the retraction process involved in this grid like pattern. There is little downtime after treatment

Lasers provide a clear advantage over other methods in terms of healing time, but not necessarily in results.





Here are some examples of what can be achieved with a fraxellisation laser





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